First released in March 2010, the Samsung CLP-620-based printers are
built on a 21/25 ppm (color and monochrome, respectively) engine with a
maximum resolution of 9,400 by 600 dpi. The cartridges do not have drum
covers but come new with a piece of heavy paper taped around the
First released in September 2008, the Samsung ML-1640 printer is
based on a 16ppm, 600 x 600 dpi engine. The ML-2240 is based on a 22ppm,
1200 dpi engine. Both use the same cartridge.
The 108S cartridge is based on the cartridge design of the ML-2010.
They have a large handle which folds over the cartridge when installed.
These cartridges do have a chip that must be replaced each cycle. This
chip proved very difficult for the aftermarket to develop but it is now
Other than the toner cartridge, all the other consumables are rated
for 50,000 pages. (Fuser, transfer roller, paper pickup rollers.) That
number, coincidentally, is also the rated life for the printer. It seems
Samsung considers both models throw away machines.
In May 2010, Hewlett-Packard released the LaserJet P1606 printer. The
HP P1606 series of laser printers are based on a 25 ppm, true 600dpi
Canon engine. These cartridges use a chip that controls the toner low
functions. The CE278A is rated for 2,100 pages.
The printer itself has a very small foot print. It’s a nice small
office/home machine. The memory is fixed and not expandable at 32Mb. The
recommended monthly volume is from 250-2,000 pages/month. These
machines also have a new feature called "Smart install,” where the
printer driver is built into the printer so no drivers need to be
installed. Just plug in the USB or Ethernet cable and you can start
First released in May 2009, the Xerox Phaser 6280 Engine is a 31ppm
black and 26ppm color engine that runs at 600 dpi. The first page out is
stated to be less than 10 seconds, and the printer runs off a 400 MHz
processor. The memory comes standard at 256MB and is expandable to
The chips on these cartridges need to be replaced each cycle.
There are Standard yield (STD) cartridges and High Yield (HY)
cartridges. A STD yield cartridge cannot be made into a HY version as
there are a set of gears in HY cartridges not present in STD yield. HY
cartridges use a second toner hopper based in the drum half of the
cartridge. This hopper is present in the STD yield versions, but the
necessary gears to move the toner are not.
These cartridges have a chip that must be replaced each cycle. In
addition, they also have gears on the supply hopper(s) that must be set
correctly for the cartridge to work.
The printers ship with a set of starter cartridges. The colors are rated for 2,200 pages and the black is rated for 3,000 pages.
Remanufacturing, refill instructions. First released in January 2010, the 4520 series of color laser
printers are based on a 35-42 ppm black and color 1200 x 1200 dpi
engine, 3600 dpi with RET (35ppm for the CP 4520 and 42ppm for the
CP4525). The 4520 cartridges are an all-in-one type cartridge that
consists of the toner supply, drum and waste chamber. Like a few of the
other newer high volume HP color laser printers, the cartridges in this
series do not fit into a pull out tray. All four cartridges are stacked
in line front to back and fit directly into the printer. Note also that
the drum faces up not down when placed in the printer. Because of this
machine layout, we will take a moment and run through the printer theory
before we get started.
These cartridges are basically a rectangular shaped cartridge that
comes with a toner seal and a snap-on drum cover across the bottom to
protect the drum. See Figure 1. These printers also have a separate
waste bottle to collect the waste toner from the ITB belt.
Remanufacturing, refill instructions. First released in April 2008 the Xerox Phaser 3100 is based on a 20
ppm, 600 dpi MFP engine that has a first page out in less than 13
seconds. These machines can print, copy, fax and scan. The printers come
with a starter cartridge rated for 2,000 pages and the standard
cartridge (106R01379) is rated for 4,000 pages at 5 percent coverage.
These machines use a somewhat unique method of telling the printer a
new cartridge has been installed. Instead of a chip on the cartridge
they use a key card that is inserted separately into the printer (See
Figure 1). These reset cards need to be replaced each cycle. When
packaging the cartridge it is a good idea to tape the card to the top of
the bag so the user does not forget to insert the card for the
cartridge to work (just like the OEM does).
First released in January 2005, the Magicolor 2400 series
of machines are based on a 20-ppm black, 5-ppm color print engine. The
2400 series has a base resolution of 600-by-600 dpi, enhanced resolution
of 2400-by-600 dpi.
One interesting thing with these machines is, like the 2300 series,
there is a humidity/temperature sensor that feeds information to the
main PCB. This information is used to help determine what the DC bias
voltages should be for optimum printing, and assists the fusing
introduced in April 2007, the Phaser 4510 machine is based on a 45-ppm,
1,200-dpi Fuji-Xerox laser printer engine. There are two cartridges
available; the LY 113R00711 is rated for 10,000 pages, and the HY
113R00712 is rated for 19,000 pages. The first page out is stated to be
under eight seconds. The processor is 533Mhz, and they all come standard
with 128MB RAM with a max of 512MB. These machines tend to be used as
workgroup printers, so if you have a customer that has one, the
cartridge volume will be on the high side.
irst released in November 2004, the Xerox Phaser 5500 is based
on a 50-ppm Xerox engine that runs at 1,200 dpi. These machines have a
monthly duty cycle of 150,000 pages and have a first page out in less
than eight seconds. They are heavy-duty network machines. If you have a
customer with one most likely they will be using quite a few cartridges.
These machines are a bit different from most these days in that they
use a separate toner tank, and the drum unit also has developer in it.
toner cartridge (113R00668) is rated for 30,000 pages, and the drum
unit (113R00670) for 60,000 pages. While that is the "rated” spec for
the drum cartridge, in reality it is less. Rather than pages, the
machine counts drum cycles. There are a maximum number of cycles set at
240,000. The 60,000-page life is based on an average job length of six
First released in October 2007, Samsung ML-1630, ML-1631,
ML-1630S and SCX-4500 printers are based on one of Samsung’s newest
engines. The ML-1630 series runs at 17 ppm with a maximum resolution of
600 dpi. The design is new for Samsung, and all other printer
manufacturers for that matter. They are pushing its sleek design as a
nice office addition not only as a printer but ascetically as well. One
interesting thing is that the fuser uses a two-lamp system. Most
machines these days use a film and ceramic heater to fuse the toner.
This system is more like the HP 8100.
First released in August 2008, the
Xerox Phaser 3635MFP printers are based on a 35ppm, 1200dpi engine. The
first page out is rated at under nine seconds, and the monthly duty
cycle is up to 75,000 pages. Both model printers are print, copy, scan,
fax, and e-mail capable.
These cartridges do not have a drum
cover, and come new with a piece of heavy paper with foam glued to it
taped around the cartridge.
In November 2007 Hewlett-Packard released the LaserJet P1006
printer. The printer, when new, comes with a starter cartridge that is
rated for 700 pages at 5 percent coverage, so your customers will be
coming to you fairly quickly for a replacement. The starter cartridges
and replacement CB435A cartridges (1,500 pages)are physically the same
so you can make a high-yield cartridge from the starter (if you can call
1,500 pages high yield).
The Dell 1125 mfp was introduced in November 2007. Based on a
21-ppm, 600-dpi laser engine and with a street price of less than $199
(January 2008), these machines are becoming very popular. These machines
are true MFPs in that they print, copy, scan and fax — many MFPs leave
out the fax option but it is standard here. They have a monthly duty
cycle of 9,000 pages per month, and the ADF (Automatic Document Feeder)
holds up to 30 pages. The processor is 133MHz, and the memory is fixed
at 32MB; it cannot be expanded.
The high-capacity toner
cartridge (2,000 pages) lists for $62.99, and the low-yield cartridge
(1,000 pages) lists for $49.99. New drum units sell for $65. These are
all simple cartridges and are relatively fast to remanufacture.
Released in January 2008, the Brother HL-2170W printer
engine is based on a new 22-ppm, true 1,200-dpi laser engine. These
machines have a first page out in less than 10 seconds, and come
standard with 8MB, 16MB or 32MB of memory depending on the machine. The
HL-2170W also is wireless capable. All machines come with a starter
cartridge rated for 1,000 pages. The first section of this article
covers the theory behind these cartridges. The first three paragraphs
have some interesting information on the reset gears and how they work.
The rest is standard Brother theory. If you are not familiar with
Brother cartridges, it would be best to read through this entire
section. It may save you a few very frustrating hours.